Harm Reduction

America is all about freedom but individual freedom has its limits, especially when it impacts society in general. And the health consequences of smoking have a huge impact on society. Since smoking skews more heavily toward poor people, that means the burden in an Obamacare world will be shouldered by taxpayers, the vast majority of whom do not smoke.

For that reason, it makes sense to wonder if raising the minimum age to buy cigarettes make sense. The American Academy of Pediatrics is...

Screen Shot 2015-10-26 at 2.06.58 PMIn a new study, Dr. Abigail S. Friedman from the Department of Health Policy and Management, Yale School of Public Health, has concluded that bans of electronic cigarettes to minors results in a higher rate of smoking deadly cigarettes.

Dr. Friedman subjected data on smoking rates as related to e-cigarette access to various statistical tests...

Credit: Science 2.0

The American Council is near to completing its peer-reviewed findings on concussions in athletes young and old and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is also issuing new recommendations to improve the safety of all players while on the field.

The reason is simple. There are over a million high school football players alone and around 250,000 youth football players. Many of them aspire to a career in sports and that means a lifetime of hits.

The Council is concerned about professional players and...

Most people are aware of the dangers of drinking and driving, but do not realize that driving while drowsy can be just as fatal.

Similar to alcohol, sleep deprivation slows reaction time, decreases awareness, impairs judgement and increases the risk of crashing. A recent study presented at the 2015 Australasian Road Safety Conference stated that drivers under the age of 30 are more likely to get behind the wheel while drowsy, as compared to those that are drunk.

Being...

The town of Lemon Grove, California, has banned e-cigarettes in bars and restaurants and in public areas like parks, effective October 1st. If that seems a lot like cigarette rules, that is what they intended.

Critics argue conflating the two makes no sense. They both contain nicotine, but so do gums and patches. None of them contain tobacco smoke, which does have hundreds of dangerous chemicals and has been shown to be a risk factor for numerous diseases for over 50 years.

If the rationale is smoke, banning e-cigarettes is not evidence-based but the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has instead argued both that they...

Screen Shot 2015-10-09 at 2.55.37 PMTwo nationwide prospective studies of Chinese citizens conducted in 1991 (225,721 men) and 2006 (210,222 men and 302,669 women) find a worrisome trend - Chinese men now smoke more than a third of the world's cigarettes.

Cause-specific mortality using death registries and their nationwide health insurance system lead the authors to project an estimated 20 percent of all adult male deaths this decade in China will be linked to cigarettes their all-...

download

A recent report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention paints a clear picture: needle-exchange programs under which addicts exchange dirty syringes for clean ones prevent the transmission of HIV.

The report comes on the heels of an outbreak (more than 70 cases of viral contagion) earlier this year of IV-drug-induced HIV in Scott County, IN. That spurred Gov. Mike Pence to reverse his position on...

NICOTINE & HEALTHA new study in the New England Journal of Medicine suggests that near-complete elimination of nicotine from cigarettes might lead to declines in smoking, but its brief duration could not possibly show anything relevant to real-world smoking issues.

The study, "Randomized Trial of Reduced-Nicotine Standards for Cigarettes," was carried out in 10 locations from mid-2013 through mid-2014 and led by Eric C....

Calcium is an essential element needed by all living organisms. Since its introduction into the biological realm, there have been many studies investigating the link between calcium intake and its homeostatic role in living organisms. In animals, particularly human beings, a foundation of knowledge holds that calcium is vital for bone health, including the prevention of fractures.

To that point, a systematic review conducted at the University of Auckland illustrates this conclusion of milk-642734_1280calcium intake, and its overall correlation to the risk of fractures in...

512px-CVS_Pharmacy,_Lexington_MACVS recently announced that its stores are expanding over-the-counter access to Naloxone in 12 states, widening its availability to 14 states overall.

The drug is a lifesaving antidote to opioid overdose, and it now can be bought without a prescription in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Arkansas, California, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, New Jersey, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Utah and Wisconsin.

Tom Davis, vice president of pharmacy professional practices at CVS, said in a statement that "[n]aloxone is a safe and effective antidote to opioid overdoses and by...