arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a particularly nasty form of arthritis. While the more common form of arthritis — osteoarthritis — typically results from use and overuse of joints which wear down protective cartilage, RA is known to result from autoimmunity. The immune system is misdirected to attack the lining of joints, causing swelling, severe pain, and if not treated joint destruction. Not only the joints are affected, however. RA involves an inflammatory process that can affect many body organs, including the skin, heart, lungs and bone marrow. For example, it's known that RA sufferers have a higher risk of developing osteoporosis.

Of course, just because autoimmunity is involved doesn't mean that external...

Osteoarthritis via Shutterstock Osteoarthritis via Shutterstock

Researchers from the Medical University of Vienna have been looking into the role of proteins called galectins, which are prevalent in the joint cartilage of patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Until very recently, it was unknown what role galectins played in OA.

Recently featured as a “Research Highlight” in the journal Nature Reviews Rheumatology,...

knee arthritis via shutterstock Knee Arthritis via shutterstock

People with various aches and pains seek relief from a variety of medicines — it used to be that aspirin was the go-to analgesic, but it was mostly replaced with Advil and Aleve.

We now know that aspirin (an example of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory or NSAID drug) can cause gastrointestinal bleeding, among other ills, as do Advil and Aleve....

 

A new study, to be published in the journal Arthritis Care and Research, estimates the increasing public health burden of arthritis and other rheumatic conditions. Dr. Guang-Ming Han from the University of Nebraska Medical Center, and colleagues, used data in Nebraska between 2007 and 2012 from annual rates of state emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations and mortality. The conditions evaluated included gout, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The investigators found that over the time period studied, the annual rate of ED visits with the targeted diagnoses encoded increased by 34 percent (from 963 per 100,000 to 1,292 per 100,00). Similarly, that of...

knee arthritis via shutterstock knee arthritis via shutterstock

Anyone that has osteoarthritis of the knee can attest to how painful the condition can be. In fact, it's the most common cause of disability in the United States, and in conjunction with rheumatoid arthritis it affects nearly 8.6 million Americans. More than 600,000 knee replacements are performed each year with the demand increasing as...

Couple walking outdoors with walking stickAmericans have an obsession with sports. We flock by the thousands, sometimes hundreds of thousands, to see our favorite team play on their home turf. We cram into living rooms and bars to watch the games when we can t be there in person. We discuss them obsessively with our fellow fans and listen to the talking heads dissect them ad nauseum on the radio and TV. From Baseball to Football and from Junior High School in many places to College to the Pros we are obsessed with sports. The problem is we seem to be only obsessed with watching sports, because when it comes to actually being active...

Rheumatoid KneeAmong doctors caring for patients with rheumatoid arthritis, it is well known that the disease which when active makes life a living hell affects not only the joints, but the entire body. RA is a systemic inflammatory disease, and suppressing its activity is a difficult but necessary program, often involving numerous powerful drugs. In the U.S., there are about one and a half million RA patients; the disease is more common in women, and most often strikes in the prime of life, but there are variants that attack young children as well.

Active RA shortens life expectancy...

148228392Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, Advil, Aleve, others) are widely used to treat inflammatory conditions and pain, caused by conditions as varied as headaches, trauma, and arthritis. Use of NSAIDs has previously been associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular events, including heart attack, and also with enlarged heart and heart failure.

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia (...

knee-x-ray-2-391481-mA group of Finnish researchers studied symptomatic and functional results among 136 patients with evidence of medial meniscus symptoms and signs, by subjecting half of the group to a sham procedure arthroscopy without intervention as compared with the study group whose members got the actual operative repair intervention. The study patients were all free of osteoarthritis, the symptoms of which can be confused with disc (WHAT DISC??)disease. The report appeared in the latest New England Journal of...

Rheumatoid Knee

More than 50 million Americans have arthritis, and almost half of them can't perform normal daily activities because of the disease, U.S. health officials said Thursday. Aging and obesity are the chief culprits behind this growing health problem, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease...