Smoking is bad. Bad for mom. Bad for unborn and born baby. Now, yet another study reveals its adverse effect on the developing child.
This time the focus is the kidney and the resultant damage.
Researchers from Kyoto University in Japan set out to clarify the association between smoking during and after pregnancy in the home with the risk of proteinuria at age 3 years old of the child.
Proteinuria refers to the spilling of protein into the urine. This can occur in a benign fashion when it is in trace amounts and due to orthostatic proteinuria (aka protein appearing in the urine upon standing due to a positional or postural shift). When it is sustained and present in the urine in increasingly significant amounts, it can reflect underlying disease or...