Harm Reduction

Golfer Rory McIlroy via Shutterstock Golfer Rory McIlroy via Shutterstock

In many ways, the game of golf is based on managing risk. For the world's best golfers and weekend duffers alike, when standing over a shot the player holding the club often must choose between being aggressive and "going for it," or conversely, minimizing risk by "laying up" with an softer-targeted shot to set up a more conservative approach to the hole.

As this relates to Rory McIlroy's decision Wednesday to skip the Olympics in Brazil due to concerns over possibly contracting the Zika virus, that choice...

For parents, it's axiomatic that steering young children into sports is good for their overall health. Naturally, the thinking is that it's beneficial to start getting them moving at a young age, and the exposure will hopefully lead them towards a lifetime of physical activity that will deliver a variety of health benefits. But just like almost everything else, too much of a good thing can also backfire.

Teenage pitcher via Shutterstock Teenage pitcher via Shutterstock

That's a key concept to remember when kids get too involved...

The good news — no, make that the very good news — is that teen cigarette smoking has continued to decrease, according to the 2015 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS).

In 1991, 28 percent of teens reported smoking at least one cigarette in the 30 days before taking the survey, while in 2015 that had dropped to 11 percent, as shown in the graph below.

 

Screen Shot 2016-06-10 at 12.03.15 PM Percent of High School Students Who Ever Tried Cigarette Smoking. 1991-2015 National Youth Risk Behavior Surveys

Since the majority of adult...

Pictorial warning labels courtesy of JAMA Pictorial warning labels courtesy of JAMA

During my medical training, it seemed like a guarantee that  the patients who were the sickest or fared the worst were smokers. Despite diagnoses of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or limb amputation, these folks continued to smoke.  One would think that inability to breathe or losing a foot would be an "aha moment," but sadly, that's not always the case.

Quitting smoking is not easy and the longer one has been smoking the tougher it becomes to kick the habit.  Smoking is the foremost modifiable...

Naturopathy via Shutterstock Naturopathy via Shutterstock

I had a tough time coming up with a title for what I wished to write.  We, as an organization, stand by debunking junk science and advocating against misinformation and fear mongering.  By upholding these virtues our aim is protecting people from harm and when it comes to naturopathy - harm from non-evidence-based magical science.

It seems to me that while thoroughly critical of the medical profession, many alternative medicine practitioners are very quick at calling themselves...

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A new study in the journal Pediatrics finds that calls to U.S. poison centers about young children swallowing (confounder: also inhaling or touching) e-cigarette liquid climbed from from January 2012 through April 2015.

Calls totaled 4,128 during the study, 14 early on to 223 by the end of the chosen timeframe, which mirrors the increased popularity of the products. Most children were age 2 or younger.

Is that alarming?...

E-cigarettes via Shutterstock E-cigarettes via Shutterstock

Cigarettes are expensive. One truism of economics is that if you raise prices, demand will adjust accordingly, so while an ad for Nellie's "free-range" eggs may show a few chickens in a pasture, (1) if that were anything but marketing hoopie those eggs would need to cost $400 each and no one would buy them.

For that reason, government...

In November of 2015, the American Council on Science and Health was called on to testify at the White House on the proposed deeming regulations, making all tobacco products subject to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act), as amended by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (Tobacco Control Act).

This was six years in the making so we dismissed concern about some of the rules, like stronger regulations on cigars and pipes. We recognize that tobacco regulation was being geared toward potential future products like a nasal spray, so we limited our key recommendation to changing the "grandfathered" date for products...

There has been a rising tide of demands from governmental and other regulatory bodies targeting two related but distinct problems within the chiropractic profession.

The first is the push from COAG Health Ministers, the ACCC and (at a ponderous pace) the Chiropractic Board of Australia (CBA) to stop chiropractors from making unsupported statements to the general public.

The CBA has issued press releases...

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy is a big concern in sports where concussions happen -- which is a lot of sports. There are gaps in understanding (see the Council's peer-reviewed look at concussions here) and both nature and commerce abhor a vacuum, so any number of wacky treatments have sprung up claiming to treat concussions.

Before they can be treated it's best to understand what is really happening, and the authors of a study in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease claim to have made some progress.

They used cerebral perfusion imaging technology called SPECT (single photon emission computed emission tomography) to examine the brains of 161 retired and current NFL players, with an average...